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The growing number of fortified foods close at hand on supermarket shelves leads to their consumption as normal, as if they were more necessary or better than their unfortified counterparts.
But is it healthy for kids to eat these fortified foods? In Guiainfantil.com We clarify it for you.
It can be differentiated in two ways:
- fortified foods:those with added micronutrients that are not found naturally in food
- fortified foods: to which some micronutrient that they previously contained, but which were lost during processing, is added to restore their original values or increase them slightly.
Fortified is the juice to which calcium is added, while fortified is the milk to which the same mineral is added, because it was already present before pasteurizing or sterilizing it.
There are 3 possible ways to obtain vitamins and minerals:
- The diet.
- Consumption of fortified foods.
- Vitamin supplements or complexes.
We assume that in terms of vitamins and minerals, the more you consume the better, but the truth is that, just as a deficiency in certain vitamins and / or minerals has consequences for health, excess consumption can also have harmful results. However, the line between what is beneficial and what can be or is potentially toxic is extremely fine and difficult to locate, so do not overdo it. In fact, under normal conditions, consuming a diet free of fortified foods, excessive consumption of micronutrients is practically impossible.
On the other hand, the recommended daily amounts established by the WHO are for adults, while, for children, these amounts are undoubtedly lower, especially for children under 8 years, but they are not exactly stated.
Usually, any micronutrients that build up in the body can be potentially dangerousAs for its solubility, the excess of fat soluble can affect the liver while that of water soluble and heavier minerals, the kidneys. Specifically, zinc, niacin and vitamin A are some of the micronutrients that, if consumed in excess, can cause problems, especially in the liver. Additionally, vitamin A in particular is highly toxic to bones and skin. In the case of vitamin D, its danger is that its excess leads to an excessive accumulation of calcium in the blood, overloading the kidneys.
The truth is, originally, fortified or enriched foods were created to solve a problema, as was the deficiency of some micronutrients in certain population groups, but, in the process, another problem has been created. Although there is not enough evidence to ensure exactly how much is the cause of health problems in childhood, It is not advisable to abuse fortified foods that contain more than 20% of the recommended daily amount for an adult. In terms of micronutrients, it is not the best to consume in quantity, but rather that the quantity is appropriate.
You can read more articles similar to Fortified foods for kids: yes or no, in the Infant Nutrition On-Site category.